TCB Publications - Abstract

Aaron T. Bozzi, Lukas B. Bane, Wilhelm A. Weihofen, Abhishek Singharoy, Eduardo R. Guillen, Hidde L. Ploegh, Klaus Schulten, and Rachelle Gaudet. Crystal structure and conformational change mechanism of a bacterial Nramp-family divalent metal transporter. Structure, 24:2102-2114, 2016. (PMC: PMC5143219)

BOZZ2016A The widely-conserved natural resistance associated macrophage protein (Nramp) family of divalent metal transporters enables manganese import in bacteria and dietary iron uptake in mammals. We determined the crystal structure of the Deinococcus radiodurans Nramp homolog (DraNramp) in an inward-facing apo state, including the complete transmembrane (TM) segment 1a—absent from a previous Nramp structure. Mapping our cysteine accessibility scanning results onto this structure, we identified the metal permeation pathway in the alternate outward-open conformation. We investigated the functional impact of two natural anemia-causing glycine-toarginine mutations, which impaired transition metal transport in both human Nramp2 and DraNramp. The TM4 G153R mutation perturbs the closing of the outward metal permeation pathway and alters the selectivity of the conserved metal-binding site. In contrast, the TM1a G45R mutation prevents conformational change by sterically blocking the essential movement of that helix, thus locking the transporter in an inward-facing state.

Download Full Text

The manuscripts available on our site are provided for your personal use only and may not be retransmitted or redistributed without written permissions from the paper's publisher and author. You may not upload any of this site's material to any public server, on-line service, network, or bulletin board without prior written permission from the publisher and author. You may not make copies for any commercial purpose. Reproduction or storage of materials retrieved from this web site is subject to the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, Title 17 U.S.C.

Download full text: Request a Copy, Journal